Pregnancy ComplicationsSomething that many women may not be aware of is the effect that having gum disease has on pregnant women!

Gum disease and Moms-to-be


Most women are aware that smoking, drinking, and drug use have negative effects on pregnancy. Something that many women may not be aware of is the effect that having gum disease has on pregnant women. There are studies that show pregnant women may be at a higher risk of giving birth to pre-term and low birth weight babies when they have gum disease. It is important for more research to be done regarding this correlation, but one thing is for sure…

Any active infection in pregnant women should be avoided at all costs; gum disease is a living, breathing infection in your mouth. Get it treated.

Studies by the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry revealed that women with gum (periodontal) disease may be up to seven times more likely to deliver a pre-term, low birth weight baby. Compare that with the effects of alcohol and smoking, which are said to increase the odds of a low birth weight baby by only three times.

Will I know if I have gum disease?

You may not normally experience pain with gingivitis or periodontal disease, but there are other symptoms:

  1. red, swollen, or tender gums
  2. bleeding gums when you brush or floss
  3. gums that seem to have pulled away from the teeth
  4. loose teeth
  5. a change in your bite
  6. pus between teeth and gums
  7. persistent bad breath

More research is underway to determine how pregnant women with periodontal disease should be treated. For now, we suggest having your oral health checked before you consider pregnancy or as soon as possible after you know you are pregnant.

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